How to check movements in SAP?

How to check movements in SAP?
Monitoring movements in a SAP system is crucial to ensure the efficient management of your company’s business processes. By checking the movements, you can keep track of the operations conducted, proactively enhance system efficiency, and pinpoint potential issues and risks. This manual will guide you on how to check movements in SAP.


How can I check movements in SAP?

Movement types are represented by three-character keys and control the various movements of materials (stock) in the SAP system.

Some examples of movements include:

  • receipt of goods to a warehouse, based on a purchase order or an inbound delivery,
  • issue of goods directly for sale or internal consumption (e.g., to a cost center),
  • transfer of goods from one storage location to another or WM movements (from one storage location to another within a single warehouse).

Numerous movement types exist, each assigned to a distinct process (either financial or simply influencing the properties of the warehoused stock). Of course, each warehouse movement can be copied to create a new movement with its own three-character key, which can then be configured to determine how the movement controls the stock.

Step-by-step SAP instructions

To check a material movement in SAP ERP:

1. Enter the SPRO transaction (T code OMJJ).

2. Expand Materials Management Inventory Management and Physical Inventory Movement Types Copy, Change Movement Types.

3. The documentation for this configuration (available after clicking the paper and glasses icon) features a description of the standard material movements available in SAP ERP.

4. Copy, change movement types:

Movement type specifies a key for the type of goods movement. Each goods movement (e.g., purchase order to warehouse) is allocated to a movement type in the system.

Updating control

Create Storage Location automatically – indicates that automatic creation of storage location data in the material master record at the time of the first goods receipt is allowed.

Requirements reduction upon goods movements – indicates that the system is to check whether a requirement is to be partially offset or reduced to zero for the material document item in question at the time a goods receipt is entered.

Generate physical inventory document for material doc. Item controls the automatic creation of a physical inventory document from a goods movement.

Automatic purchase order creation – specifies that a purchase order is created automatically at the time of goods receipt.

Statistically relevant – indicates whether the movement type leads to an update of the statistics (inventory controlling) and whether this update is carried out online or in batch mode.

Consumption posting controls consumption updates.

Checking movements in SAP – Transaction MB51

The MB51 transaction will display all material documents according to chosen selection criteria.


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We hope this manual has been helpful in understanding how to check SAP movements. Now you can quickly respond to events and optimize your processes for better business efficiency. If you have any additional questions about monitoring movements in SAP or other topics related to the operation of the system, please contact our Hicron consultants for professional assistance tailored to your needs.

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